Amica at Villa Da Vinci
Foreign Service – 19th Regiment, Italian Army
Vitaliano joined the Fanteria 19th regiment of the Italian Army and completed basic training in Nicastro, in the province of Catenzaro in Italy. He was sent to Crete in Greece which was a very active area in World War II, with numerous bombings.
“We were ordered to guard a crate of bombs. We were captured by the Germans and 50 soldiers were put in the hold of the ship and sent to Athens. We had to sleep on bags of cement and our skin turned white due to the cement dust and sweat.
“When we reached Athens, the German guards were waiting to separate us into who was willing to fight with the Germans and who would not. Those who would not join the Germans were called traitors and sent to a concentration camp in Germany.
“The ride on the train took 15 days and we were given some broth by the Red Cross when the train stopped in Macedonia. There were 500-600 soldiers in this camp. They took 100 soldiers to a factory and were ordered to make acid soda.
“We were starving and had no food. We found some cabbages and ate that. Another soldier and I were taken by an elderly German man to help in the kitchen. There were Germans who wanted to learn to speak Italian so I taught them Italian and they taught me German. I was given a position of trust and would go to the store with a mule to get food.
“In 1944, when the Americans were coming, I ran away from the camp and made it to Belgium were I hid in a cave for 2 weeks. I found the Americans and they brought me to England. In England I was free and there was a lot of work. I worked in a factory and other jobs. At night I was free and I went to the movies in 1946 and I met an English girl and learned English from her.
“I returned to Italy that year and I got married in 1949. I came to Canada in 1960 and the English I had learned helped me immensely to get a job. I helped many other immigrants by translating for them. I arrived in Toronto in February and I got a job the next day. I worked for ALCAN, a kitchen factory, for 27 years. I was one of the lucky ones.”